Rotation: the earth rotates on its own. It rotates along an axis that passes through the body.
Revolution: the earth rotates around the sun as it rotates. The motion of the earth around the sun is called the earth's revolution.
Eclipse: when the moon moves into the shadow of the earth, the area between the moon and the earth will be blocked by the sun's rays. At this point the sun, earth, and moon are exactly (or almost) in the same line;
Solar eclipse: is the movement of the moon between the sun and the earth, if the three are exactly in a straight line, the moon will block the sun toward the earth's light, the dark shadow behind the moon just fell on the earth, at this time the solar eclipse
paint what color you like at the sun,the earth and the moon.